This is a unique discovery that will go down in the history of astronomy and space exploration. We are dealing here with the detection of the first extrasolar planet with water vapor in its atmosphere.
This great news has come to us from astronomers from University College London (UCL). The extrasolar planet K2-18b orbits its home star in the constellation Leo, 110 light years away. Observations of the system allowed us to find out that this exoplanet is eight times more massive than Earth, so we can talk about the discovery of the super-Earth.
The most important news is that it is located in the so-called habitable zone (ecosphere) of its star, where water is in liquid form. This means that there may be conditions for the flourishing of biological life as known from our planet. Although in terms of the presence of water, it is similar to the Blue Planet, at the same time it is heavier than it and has a different composition of the atmosphere.
Research also indicates that the exoplanet may be in the field of strong radiation from the host star, the red dwarf. However, if it has a strong magnetic field, like Earth, it does not have to pose a threat to biological life. However, if this planet does not have it, then organisms can always hide from radiation below the planet’s surface.
Astronomers cannot yet confirm that K2-18b inhabit living organisms, but subsequent observations of the object, including using the Hubble Space Telescope, they should shed more light on this igniting imagination. We may not know the truth for the next few decades, but astronomers in the United Kingdom believe that this planet gives us great hope for the soon discovery of the perfect Earth 2.0.
“These research results will contribute to a better understanding of places in space that are viable outside our solar system. We are in a new era of extrasolar planet research that allows us to better position Earth, our only home, against a larger picture of the entire Universe, “said Dr. Angelos Tsiaras of UCL.
Scientists are optimistic about the future of discovering new exoplanets that may be similar to our Earth slick tricks. Here, the TESS telescope and artificial intelligence technologies will play a huge role. The search for Earth 2.0 is extremely important not only for securing our civilization against the inevitably approaching cosmic catastrophe that will eventually lead to cosmic rocks, but also for the discovery of life functioning outside our planet.