The coming years promise to be excellent in terms of space exploration. We will return to the moon and fly to Mars for the first time, as well as thoroughly examine its moons, which may hold more interesting news about the history of the Red Planet than the planet itself. At least that's what scientists from Germany, France and Japan are preparing a mission called Martian Moons Exploration (MMX).
The most important aspect of all recent space probe missions to Mars has been trying to understand the violent events that took place on the planet about 3.7 billion years ago. Well, then, in an unclear way to us, it lost its thick atmosphere. The Japanese believe that the answer to this question may not lie on Mars itself, but on its moons.
This is a very good step. Perhaps not many of us are aware of the fact that we have learned a lot about the Earth by studying the nearby space and the surface of the Moon. Scientists believe that Phobos and Deimos are asteroids captured by the tech guides best Planet, but it is also possible that they are the remnants of a Mars collision with another massive object.
MMX's mission will be to send a probe, probe and rover there. The latter will take rock material from Phobos for further analysis. The mission of the 25-kilogram rover is to last 3 months. The launch is to take place in 2024, and the cost of this operation is expected to be around $ 241 million.
Currently, the robot is being tested in the laboratories of the German Space Agency (DLR) in Bremen. The rover measures 47.5 x 55 x 27.5 centimeters, is equipped with four wheels and solar panels that are to provide energy for the implementation of planned tasks. The construction of the rover is not simple. Extreme conditions prevail on the moons of Mars. The temperature there varies between minus 150 degrees and plus 50 degrees Celsius.